Arabic Phrases for Beginners

The most common greeting in Arabic is the phrase “as-salaamu Aalaykum” which means literally “may peace be upon you”. And the most common reply is “wa Aalaykum as-salaam“, which means literally “and upon you peace”.

But as you see in the above phrases, to learn a language, you have to learn its culture, because literal or direct translation doesn’t make sense when you speak that language.

The same thing in “SabaaH el-khayr” = good morning, and the response of it, which is “Sabaah en-nuur” while “nuur” means literally ” light”, but this is the way how Arabs greet each others, simply means: if you greet me using good words, so I have to greet you using better words!.

Also there is no specific word for greeting in the afternoon. You can use simply either “as-salaamu Aalaykum” at anytime, or “masaa’ el-khayr” for the afternoon as well.

Arabic Phrases for Greetings

Arabic Transliteration English
صَباحْ SabaaH Morning
صَباح الخَيْر SabaaH el-khayr Good morning
مَساء masaa’ Evening
مَساء الخَيْر masaa’ el-khayr Good evening
صَباح الْنّور SabaaH en-nuur Response for good morning
مَساء الْنّور masaa’ en-nuur Response for good evening
نور nuur Light
نَهار nahaar Daytime
لَيل layl Night
لَيْلة layla One night
يَوْم yawm Day
أيَّام ‘ay-yaam Days
الْيَوْم al-yawm Today
الْـ al The (Definite article attached to the words).
مَعَ السَّلامَة maAa as-salaama Go with peace
لَيْلَة سَعيدة layla saAiida Good night
سَعِيد/ سَعِيدة saAiid/saAiida happy
تُصْبِح عَلَى خَيْر tuSbeH Aalaa khayr Wake up in a good condition

Arabic Phrases for Introducing Yourself

Arabic Transliteration English
اِسْم esm name
اِسْمي esmii my  name
اِسْمُكَ esmuka what’s your name?(for male)
اِسْمُكِ esmuke your name(for female)
مِنْ فَضْلِك men faDlek please
أَمْريكا ‘amriicaa America
مِنْ men from
أيْن ‘ayn where
أَمْريكِيّ ‘amriikyy American
ما maa what
مِصْرِيّ meSryy Egyptian
فُرْصَة سَعِيدَة،

تَشَرّفْنا

furSa saAiida,

tashar-rafna

Nice to meet you.

Honored to meet you.

Arabic Phrases for Things around us:

Arabic Transliteration English
كُرسي kursii chair
كِتاب ketaab book
مَكْتَب maktab office/ desk
طَاوِلة Taawela table
حاسوب Haasuub computer
مِقْعَد meqAad seat
غُرْفَة ghurfa room
بَيْت bayt home
فَصْل faSl classroom
مَدْرَسَة madrasa school
جَامِعَة jameAa university
كُلية kul-ley-ya college/ faculty
مَدِينة madiina city/ town
رِسَالة resaala message

Arabic Phrases about work

Arabic Transliteration English
مُرْهَق murhaq exhausted
يَبْدو yabduu it seem
أَعْمَل ‘aAmal I work
عَمَل Aamal working
الآن al’aan now
قليلاَ qaliilan little
تَرْجَمَة tarjama translation
لَكِن laken but
عَفْوَاَ Aafwan pardon / excuse me
إِذْن iThn permission
بَعْد إِذْنك baAd iThnak excuse me
مُحاضَرَة muHaaDara lecture
سلامَتك Salaamatk God bless you!
يُمْكِن أَن yumken ‘an possible to
مَعَ السّلامَة maAa s-salaama goodbye
Arabic Phrases About Food
Arabic Transliteration English
مَطْعَم maTAam restaurant
مَبْروك mabruuk congratulations
نَجَاح najaaH success
الله يُبارِك فيك Allah yubaarek fiik God bless you
جَوْعان jawAaan hungry
امْتِحان emteHaan Exam
آكُل ‘aa’kul I eat
غَداء ghadaa’ lunch
قائِمة qaa’ma menu
نَادِل naadel waiter
أَشْرب ‘ashrab I drink
بُرْتُقال burtuqaal orange
عصير ASiir juice
بِدُون beduun without
لَبَن حليب laban Haliib milk
قهوة qahwa coffee
سُكر Suk-kar sugar
أُرْز urz rice
سَلَطة salaTa salad
دَجَاج dajaaj chicken
لَحْم laHm meat
سَمَك samak fish
بَعْد baAd after
لَكِن laken but
أَدْفَعْ ‘adfaA I pay
الفاتورَة el-faatuura the bill
زُجاجة zujaaja bottle
ماء / مِياه maa’ / meyaah water
مِلْح melH salt
حارْ Haar spicy
بارِد baared cold
ساخِن saakhen hot
ثَلْج thalj ice